What is the title of the fifth book of Moses, and what does it imply?

N. B. The term Deuteronomy is taken from the Septuagint, and signifies Second Law, or a repetition of the Law, from the fact, that it contains a recapitulation of the principal laws in the foregoing books, accompanied with the most animated exhortations and solemn warnings to the people. Viewed as the conclusion of the whole Pentateuch, it may properly be compared to the application or practical improvement of a Sermon, for which it furnishes a model of unparalleled excellence.

At what time were the various instructions, precepts, counsels, &,c. of this book delivered to the people?

Ans. In the two last months of Moses' life, and of the fortieth year of their wanderings. They are to be regarded therefore as his dying charge to the nation of Israel


Chapter 1.

Where and when were the words of this book delivered to the children of Israel?

N, B, As Jordan and the plain here spoken of were at a great distance from the Red Sea, and as the word Sea is not in the original, it is probable this term, instead of Red Sea should be rendered Zuph or Suph, being in all likelihood the same place with that mentioned Num. 21. 14.

From what period in their history does Moses begin his narrative?

What command came to the congregation at that time, and by what motive was it enforced? V. 6—8

How long had they then remained at Mount Horeb? Comp. Ex. 19. 1. and Num. 10. 11.

What plan did Moses adopt in order to diminish his cares?

Does the account of this matter as here related, differ in any respect from that given Ex. ch.18?

N. B. Nothing is said in the former place respecting the part which the people took in the choice of these officers. From what Moses here says of it, it appears to have been very similar to the transaction recorded Acts 6.3—6. and probably to that also mentioned Acts 14. 23.

What charges does Moses say he gave to these officers?

What does he say of their journey after leaving Horeb? Whither did they then come, and what does he relate as having occurred there?

How does the statement of facts comport with the account previously given? See Num.13.

How does Moses here characterise their conduct in that transaction? v. 32.

Chapter 2

Whither did they then take their journey ? What command did the people receive relative to passing through the coasts of Esau, or the land of Edom, and what were the reasons given for it?

What orders were given respecting the Moabites and Ammonites, and why? Whose descendants were the Moabites and Ammonites? Gen. 19. 37, 38.

How long a period elapsed from their leaving Kadesh-Barnea till they crossed the brook of Zered, and what happened to that generation in the meantime?

What commission was given them in respect to the country of Sihon, what were the circumstances connected with that affair and what the final result?

Were the Amorites dealt with thus severely merely for opposing in a hostile manner the march of the Israelites? Gen. 15. 16.

Chapter 3

Whither did they next proceed, and whom did they encounter end overcome?

What remarkable relic of Og was preserved?

What disposal was made of the conquered countries?

What did Moses say to Joshua at that time, and what prayer did he make for himself?

What answer did he receive ?

Chapter 4

What exhortations does Moses give the people, and by what considerations does he enforce them?

What reason was given by him to dissuade then from idolatry? v. 15.

What threatening did he denounce against them in case of disobedience? v. 25. 26.

What motives does he set before them which could not apply to any other people ? v. 32—41

How many cities did Moses appropriate to a particular purpose on the East of Jordan, and what was that purpose?

Chapter 5-7

What is the principal subject of the fifth chapter?

What of the sixth?

What great truth is taught in ch. 6. v. 4?

What is the consequent duty derived from it? V. 5.

What charge is given relative to their children? V. 7.

By what methods were they required to keep in mind the wonderful works of God in their behalf?

What did Moses charge them relative to their conduct when they should have entered the promised land ?

What orders were given them as to their treatment of the Canaanitish nations? ch. 7.1—6.

What threatenings and promises were connected with this charge? v. 8—17.

By what considerations were they to encourage themselves against their enemies when tempted to despond? v. 18—20.

Chapter 8

For What purpose does Moses say the Lord had made them to wander forty years in the wilderness? V. 1—5.

What was the practical duty to be deduced from this severe discipline? v. 6.

What description is given of the good land to which they were to be brought?

What cautions are given them in connection with their cheering prospects? v. 11—20.

Chapter 9-11

What assurance is given the people in the first part of this chapter? v. 1—3.

What erroneous opinions does Moses strive to guard them against? v. 4. 0.

What humbling considerations does he then set before them? v. 7. 29.

What practical improvement does he suggest of the various incidents above-mentioned? ch. 10. 12—22.

In what manner was the blessing and the curse to be set before them when they should have arrived in the land of Canaan? ch. 11. 26—32.

Was this accordingly done? Joshua, 8. 32—35.

Chapter 12-14

How were they to dispose of the monuments of idolatry which they should find among the Canaanites?

Where were their own religious rites to be performed? V. 5> 6,

Was there any exception to this rule allowed? V. 15. 16.

What charge was given them respecting the Levite?

How is this command to be observed at the present day? 1 Cor. 9. 10—14.

What was to be done with enticers to idolatry ? V. 42—18.

In what respects were the children of Israel to be distinguished from other people? ch. 14. 3,22.

What was required of them provided they did not eat the tithes of their increase before the Lord? V. 24-27.

How were they to dispose of it every third year? v.28,29.

Chapter 16-17

What provision was made for poor debtors, and what habitual disposition were they required to exercise towards their poor brethren? v.1-11

Does Christianity breathe the same spirit? James 2. 15, 16.

What command was given relative to Hebrew servants? v. 12—15.

What if they chose to remain? v. 16—18.

What was to be done with the male firstlings of cattle? v. 19—23.

What were the three annual feasts at each of which the people were required to assemble at the appointed place? ch. 16. 1—7.

What magistrates were to be appointed in all the gates of the people, throughout their tribes, and what were to be their duties? v. 18—20.

What punishment was to be inflicted uponindividual idolaters? ch. 17. 2—7. What was to be done in difficult, cases of judgement? v. 8. 9.

How were those to be dealt with who refused to abide by the decision? v. 10—13.

What new kind of Ruler does Moses intimate would be appointed after they should be settled in the land of Promise ? v. 16.

By what rules was the choice to be regulated, and what duties were to be incumbent on him when chosen? v, 15—20.

Chapter 18

What charge is given respecting the portion of the Priests and Levites? v. 1—8

What command was given respecting witchcraft, charms, &c? v. 9—14.

What remarkable interdiction is to be found in this chapter, and to whom does it refer? v.15—19. Acts 3. 20—26.

What was to be done with false prophets, and how were they to be known ?

Chapter 19

What were the laws respecting ancient landmarks? v. 14.

Is this precept elsewhere alluded to ? Job. 24 2. Prov. 22. 28.

What rule is given respecting witnesses in criminal cases? v. 15.

What was to be the punishment of false witnesses? V. 16—21.

Chapter 20

What was to be the duty of the priests, when the people went out to battle? v. 1—4.

Whom might the officers permit to withdraw from an engagement? v. 5—9.

What proclamation was to be made to the cities to which they came? v. 10.

How were they to be treated if they accepted peace ?

How if they refused it?

With what nations were they to make no terms at all, and why? v. 16—18.

What were they required to spare in a siege? V. 19,20.

Chapter 21

What was to be done when one was found slain in the land, and the murderer unknown? V. 1—9.

Under what regulations was an Israelite permitted to marry a captive maid? v. 10—14.

Was the first born son to be disinherited because his mother was less beloved than another wife of his father? v. 15—17. N. B. This passage contains an implied toleration of Polygamy, although not a sanction of it.

What was to be done with a rebellious son? v. 18—21.

What law was given as to malefactors, who were hung? v. 22,23.

Chapter 24

Is the precept here given concerning divorce to be understood as a command, or as a permission? Mat. 19. 7,8.

What are the only proper grounds of a divorce ? Mat. 19. 9. 1 Cor. 7. 15.

What privilege was granted to men during the first year of their marriage ? v. 5.

What punishment was to be inflicted upon the man-stealer?

Is this a crime practiced at the present day, and one condemned in the New Testament? 1 Tim. 1. 10.

What law was given respecting the wages of servants? v. 14. 15.

What rule were they to observe when gathering their harvest or vintage? v. 19—22.

In what instance do we find this precept acted upon? Ruth 2. 2, 3.

Chapter 25

How many stripes might be inflicted on a malefactor?

What appears to have been the number actually bestowed in ordinary cases? 2 Cor. 11. 24,25. N. B. They probably abated one in order to make sure of not exceeding the forty.

What was commanded in respect to the widow of a man who died childless?

What if the brother refused to comply ?

What command was given to the people as to the nation of the Amalekites, and what the reason of it?

Chapter 26

In what manner were the people required to make their thankful acknowledgements at the presenting of the first fruits?

Does this precept afford any argument in favorof men's making a formal and public profession of religion when they have obtained hope of having experienced spiritual deliverance? Is. 44.5.

What is the substance of the covenant entered into between God and Israel? v. 16—19.

Should something of this nature be solemnly addressed to those who take the vows of the Most High upon them?

Chapter 27

What were they required to do when they should have passed over Jordan in order to perpetuate these laws? v. 1—10.

Which of the tribes were to stand upon Gerizim and for what purpose? N. B. The tribes appointed to bless were descended from Leah and Rachel, the free-women, to whom the promise of blessing more especially belonged

Which of them upon Mount Ebal, and for what purpose?

Against what kind of sins are the curses more directly pointed? Ans. Secret sins; the commission of which might escape detection by the magistrates or others. These awful denunciations would teach transgressors, that though their crimes might elude the discovery of their fellow men, yet they could not escape the eye of God, and therefore they were not to promise themselves impunity.

How were the people on their part to ratify these sentences?

What is the import of the word Amen? Ans: Verily—So be it—So shall it be.

Chapter 28-30

In what respects would the people be blessed provided they continued obedient? v. 1—14

How would they be cursed on supposition of a contrary course? v. 15—68.

Of what does Moses remind the people in ch.29. 1—9, and for what purpose? v. 10—13.

Recite the last verse of ch.29

What gracious promises succeed the awful threatenings denounced in this connection? ch. 30. 1—11.

In what manner does Moses solemnly conclude his exhortations in ch. 30? v. 15—20?

Chapter 31

In what manner does Moses encourage the people and Joshua?

To whom did he deliver the law, and with what instructions?

What command did the Lord give Moses towards the end of his days, and what prediction did he utter to him?

What was Moses commanded to write, and what purpose was to be answered by it? v. 19—22.

What charge did he give to Joshua ?

What to the Levites? v.25—30.

Chapter 34

To the top of what mountain did Moses ascend, and what did the Lord there shew to him and say to him?

Where did Moses die, and where was he buried?

Was his sepulchre ever afterwards found?

What was the probable reason of this concealment? 2 Kings 18, 4.

Was the ministration of angels probably employed in the burial of Moses? Jude v, 9.

How old was Moses when he died, and what is said of his natural powers at the day of his death?

Was this chapter probably annexed, by some other hand to the writings of Moses? N. B. It is supposed to have been written either by Joshua, Samuel, or Ezra.

How long did the people mourn for Moses?

Who succeeded him in office, and how was he endowed for that purpose?

What is the general character given of Moses?

What were the principal points in which Moses bore typical resemblance to Christ? N.B. 1 . As Moses was the instrument of delivering the people of God from temporal bondage in Egypt, so doth Christ redeem his people from spiritual thraldom. 2. As Moses stood between God and the people in the giving of the Law, so is Christ the great Mediator between God and his people in the Covenant of grace. 3. As Moses was faithful in all God's house, so is Christ in all things pertaining to the Church. 4. As Moses was a distinguished Prophet and Teacher in Israel, so is Christ preeminently the great Prophet and Teacher of his people.

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